My Responsibilities

Unit Objectives

TIME:  3 weeks

By the end of this unit, you will be able to:

  • ask for permission to do something.
  • give permission to do something.
  • refuse or refuse permission to do something.
  • ask for permission not to do something.
  • give permission not to do something.
  • refuse or refuse permission not to do something.
  • ask and answer questions about what you have to/must do, now, on or at a specific time, by some time in the future, an so on.
  • write any of these questions and answers.
  • write a To Do List to keep track of what you have to do, when or by when.

By the end of this unit, you will have learned:

  • one of the many uses for the “and” form—the て form of action verbs.
  • the negative “and” form—the なくて form of action verbs.
  • that Japanese uses double negatives occasionally.
  • that in order to say the one must/has to do something, you must employ a double negative construction that translates to something like “as for not …ing X, that won’t be good”—it’s the same as refusing to give permission to someone (in this case, oneself) to not do something.