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The Zebra Finch Weather Forecast: A New Form of Bird Communication

Written by: Claudia Kowal Introduction Similar to people, most bird species use vocalizations to communicate with each other. Typically, birds vocalize through songs and calls, warning others of predators, nearby food sources, or to mate (Thompson, 2014). However, recent research has shown that a particular

Evolution of the Horse– The Most Complete Fossil Record

Written by: Claudia Kowal Introduction How did the small, dog-like creatures from millions of years ago evolve into the modern horses we know today? This question can be answered through the extensive excavation of horse ancestors’ fossils over the past several decades. While many other

Understanding Artificial Endosymbiosis

Written by: Claudia Kowal Endosymbiosis was discovered in the 1960s by microbiologist Lynn Margulis, who was trying to better understand the evolutionary gap between prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The main distinguishing feature between these cells is that unlike eukaryotes, prokaryotes lack the presence of a nucleus..

Using Extremophiles to Study the Potential of Life on Mars

Written by: Claudia Kowal Extremophiles are organisms that survive under extreme conditions, living in places we once thought were uninhabitable- like acidic hot springs or arctic tundras. Different types of extremophiles can live in different types of environments, including those with an extreme pH (acidic